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Kennings: I've Made a Little List




The American History Dictionary defines a kenning as “a figurative, usu[ally] compound expression used rather than a reputation or noun, esp[ecially] in Antique English and Antique Norse poetry.” In a contemporary article approximately metaphor and regulation, I had instance to listing a couple of favourite kennings. Then again, that excitement jogged my memory of 2 resources of displeasure. First, I have but to seek out an abundant but handy stock of antique kennings and their relations. 2d, few if any other folks nowadays appear to benefit from the game of making new and considerate kennings.

How can this loss of pastime now not embarrass us moderns? If the easier Viking can create the nice “whale’s street” to call or “exchange” his sea, what higher kennings are we able to now not create to call or “substitute” our web, our cellphone telephones, our laptops, and our different unbelievable equipment of up to date lifestyles?

In hopes of attaining duties (readily cataloguing a few antique kennings and galvanizing considerate and superb up to date ones), I have subsequently get a hold of just a little record of earlier societies’ thoughts-benders that by no means will have to be ignored. (In contrast to the Mikado’s Koko, I in fact imply that they will have to now not be lost sight of.) I have incorporated a few politically-flawed kennings for the sake of extra completeness and for his or her perception into earlier global perspectives that we have now fortunately transcended. In all probability the record can encourage extra considerate replacements. Right here is going:

ALE: “horn froth.”
ALE-HORN: “horn-froth’s fjordland.”
ANGELS: “host of the arena’s roof.”
ARM(S): “hawk’s land,” “hawk slopes,” “hawk-fells,” “falcon perches,” “shoulder branches,” “bow forcer,” “shoulder leg.”
ARROW: “wound wasp,” “whispering gosling,” “wound gosling,” “hail from strings,” “bows’ hail.”
BATTLE: “defend typhoon,” “spear thaw,” “spear din,” “typhoon of spears,” “quarrelling of swords,” “awl typhoon,” “steel bathe,” “sword spell,” “sword typhoon,” “sword assembly,” “beating of blades,” “darts’ bathe,” “helmet’s typhoon,” “twanging bathe,” “roar of shields,” “Odin’s typhoon,” “Odin’s snow fall,” “pounding of metal,” “wolves’ banquet,” “recreation of iron,” “politics of metal,” “spear parliament.”
BEAR: “grasping teeth,” “wintry weather survivor,” “wooded area walker,” “ice wolf.”
BEARD: “chin wooded area,” “chin timber,” “chin hedge.”
BLOOD: “spear river,” “wound sweat,” “wound river,” “wound sea,” “defend wave,” “dew of deep wounds,” “raven wine,” “raven beer,” “gum flame,” “serpent’s dew,” “mead of wounds,” “corpse heap wave,” “corpse sea,” “corpse dew.”
BRACELET: “arm serpent.”
BREAST: “thoughts’s castle,” “idea land.”
CORPSE: “blood’s seat.”
COWARD: “spear shy.”
DROWNED MEN: “billow’s burden.”
EAGLE: “corpse scorer,” “shrill crier,” “blood gull,” “chook of blood,” “typhoon cleaver,” “wound cleaver.”
EARTH/LAND: “flooring of the winds’ corridor,” “elk sea,” “sea of the animals,” “Ymir’s flesh.”
EYE: “eyelash moon,” “gentle of cheeks,” “brow stone,” “aimer,” “eyebrow stone,” “eyebrow solar,” “eyebrow moon.”
FEET: “sole arms.”
FIRE: “wind’s brother,” “solar of homes,” “slayer of homes,” “sparkler,” “beacon.”
FIST: “arm’s mouth.”
FOREHEAD: “forehead’s sky.”
FRIEND: “suggest sharer,” “bench mate.”
GAZE: “beam from the eyelash moon.”
GENEROUS MAN: “jewel foe,” “attacker of treasure,” “ring breaker,” “ring spoiler,” “harsh one to gold,” “gold’s diminsher,” “hoard diminisher,” “hoard robber.”
GIANT: “land whale.”
GLANCE: “beam of the eyelash moon,” “forehead beam.”
GOLD: “sea-fireplace,” “sea blaze,” “sea solar,” “sea amber,” “fjord flame,” “forearm’s rock,” “arm’s fires,” “falling solar.”
HAIR: “head-sedge,” “head wooded area,” head timber,” “cranium wooded area,” “cranium timber.”
HAND: “hawk’s undeniable,” “ring land,” “bow land.”
HEAD: “hat’s perch,” “hair seat,” “hair land,” “cap’s land,” “ear mattress,” “neck’s burden,” “neck’s toil,” “helmet land.”
HEART: “energy stone,” “valor stone,” “space of idea,” “stone of idea.”
ICE: “fjord’s helmet.”
KILLER: “mound hastener.”
LEGS: “timber of the soles.”
MAN: “sword polisher,” “dung bearer,” “bucket sinker,” “beguiler of scythes,” “sinker of treasures,” “lord of accommodations,” “gold breaker,” “caster of gold,” “bush,” “shrub,” “lady presser,” “loser of tears,” “sword inviter,” “treasure giver.”
MISERLY MAN: “wealth warder.”
MOON: “waxer,” “waner,” “yr counter,” “gleamer,” “squinter.”
MOUNTAIN: “hawk’s land,” “eagle or shrill crier corridor,” “lynx’s sea,” “earth float,” “ridge land.”
MOUTH: “tongue land,” “tooth land,” “phrase land,” “lip land,” “tongue space,” “tooth space,” “phrase space,” “lip space.”
NECK: “necklace stand.”
NIGHTS: “raven’s lives.”
OX: “yoke undergo.”
PALM: “grip’s breast.”
PILLAR: “wall leg.”
POET: “sweller of reward,” “server of Odin’s wine,” “handler of Odin’s drink,” “Odin’s idea-smith,” “professional smith of rhyme.”
POETRY: “Odin’s wine,” “Odin’s due,” “Odin’s ale,” “Odin’s drink,” “beer for Odin,” “Odin’s mead,” “Odin’s holy drink,” “Odin’s booty,” “dwarf’s mead,” “large’s mead.”
RAVEN: “blood gosling,” “wound sea’s hen,” “fight gull,” “flesh marker.”
RIVER: “fish lure wooded area.”
RIVER CURRENT: “first lure wooded area wind.”
ROCKS/STONES: “land bones,” “fjord bones,” “earth’s onerous shoulder lumps,” “water’s tooth,” “land’s tooth.”
SAILOR: “sea-beast shrub,” “send impeller.”
SAUSAGES: “pot snakes.”
SEA: “eel land,” “fish path,” “foam trail,” “send’s street,” “fishing financial institution,” “lobster’s trail,” “pink fish’s living,” “mackerel’s seat,” “prow land,” “snow street,” “land of fish,” “space of seaweed,” “land of seabirds,” “land of boating wind,” “Ymir’s blood,” “island fetter,” “living of the ships,” “guy’s encircler,” “flat one.”
SHIELD(S): “Odin’s clouds,” “strife clouds,” “spear meadow,” “sword undeniable,” “sword’s board,” “struggle wall,” “shifting cliff.”
SHIP: “sea’s horse,” “rowing-bench steed,” “channel steed,” “rigging steed,” “billow steed,” “wave steed,” “wave horse,” “harbor horse,” “steed of the bay,” “wind steed,” “wind’s horse,” “river stallion,” “foam land’s stallion,” “shore ski,” “wave charger,” “wind beam,” “mast-most sensible beast,” “wave beast,” “tossing horse,” “flood’s horse,” “straits animal,” “fjord serpent,” “sea reindeer,” “slipway bison.”
SHOULDER: “hawk’s land.”
SILVER: “arm’s ice,” “arm’s snow,” “joint’s frost.”
SKULL: “eye sky,” “eyelash moon sky.”
SKY: “mountains’ corridor,” “sea’s corridor,” “global’s corridor,” “moon’s method,” “hawk’s sanctuary,” “solar’s living,” “Ymir’s cranium,” “solar’s helmet,” “moon’s helmet,” “earth’s helmet,” “space of air,” “land of stars,” “moon’s land,” “solar’s land,” “land of winds,” “constellations’ land,” “solar’s floor,” “constellations’ trail,” “global’s top tent,” “solar’s tent,” “day’s base,” “Ymir’s cranium,” “extensive winds’ basin,” “typhoon vat,” “hen global,” climate global.”
SNAKES: “land fishes,” “valley trout,” “valley fish,” “coiling eels,” “reed thong.”
SPEAR: “capturing snake,” “set aspect.”
SUMMER: “convenience of the snakes,” “valley fish’s mercy.”
SUN: “day fireplace,” “top wandering flame.”
SWORD(S): “defend serpents,” “defend snakes,” “defend thorns,” “defend risk,” “fight snake,” “serpent of blood,” “wound serpent,” “fist wands,” “slaying wands,” “hand’s undergo,” “bruin of blood,” “fight fireplace,” “blood reed,” “blood wand,” “Odin’s fireplace,” “defend fireplace,” “blaze of the defend wave,” “blade hound,” “struggle wolf,” “carrion maker,” “demise rod,” “drubbing thorn,” “conflict twig,” “killing twig,” “wound sickles,” “chilly hammer’s comrade,” “guy’s doom,” “fight leek,” “sheath eel.”
TEARS: “eye rain.”
TEETH: “track’s skerries,” “gum skerries,” “mouth rocks,” “phrase rocks,” “tongue rocks.”
THOUGHT: “wind of troll better halves.”
TONGUE: “phrase meadow,” “mouth oar,” “mouth rudder,” “sword of speech,” “sword of mouth.”
VEINS: “blood tracks.”
WAVE: “whale roof ridge,” “whale’s housetop,” “eel land slope,” “sea mountain.”
WARRIOR: “preventing pine,” “defend typhoon stirrer,” “struggle tree,” “struggle sweller,” “feeder of wolves,” “mail-coat’s tree,” “defend tree,” “ruler of the defend,” “wound-stick’s desirer,” “reddener of shields,” “sword-aspect’s reddener,” “tree of the sword,” “sword undeniable’s keeper,” “strife snatcher,” “fight bush,” “bow wielder,” “spear pointer,” “weapon wielder,” “struggle blouse birch,” “typhoon tree,” “metal-chant stirrer,” “helmet’s group of workers.”
WEAPON: “wound stick.”
WIND: “tree breaker,” “tree slayer,” “tree killer,” “sail slayer,” “rigging harmer.”
WINTER: “snakes’ demise,” “snake woe.”
WOLF: “bush grinner.”
WOMAN: “necklace-sleigh,” “necklace-floor,” “ribbon-yearner,” “linen land,” “land of the cloak,” “fir-tree of gold,” “fir tree with headscarf,” “shawl tree,” “chariot of gold,” “brooch bearer,” “brooch mattress,” “gold island.”

This little record is drawn from a few Sagas of Warrior Poets and from Sturlson’s Edda (and the language in their respective translators).

What up to date kennings are we able to create to sign up for this listing? To raised it? To exchange what we’ve got outgrown? I ask as a result of I would by no means need to be: “. . . the fool who praises, with enthusiastic tone, [a]ll centuries however this, and each and every united states however his personal.”

— This feed and its contents are the valuables of The Huffington Submit, and use is topic to our phrases. It can be used for private intake, however is probably not allotted on a site.


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